What is osteoarthritis and arthritis?
What is the prognosis of osteoarthritis and arthritis?
What factors increase the risk of Osteoarthritis?
- Older age. The risk of osteoarthritis increases with age.
- Gender. Women are more likely to develop osteoarthritis, though it isn't clear why.
- Bone deformities. Some people are born with malformed joints or defective cartilage, which can increase the risk of osteoarthritis.
- Joint injuries. Injuries, such as those that occur when playing sports or from an accident, may increase the risk of osteoarthritis.
- Obesity. Carrying more body weight places more stress on your weight-bearing joints, such as your knees.
- Sedentary lifestyle. Cartilage depends on joint use for its nutrition.
- Repetitive forces, abnormal forces, and excessive forces. Repeating a good movement pattern too many times, or performing an improper movement pattern, or over loading your body with excessive forces can cause joint damage
- Certain occupations. If your job includes tasks that place repetitive stress on a particular joint, that may predispose that joint toward eventually developing osteoarthritis. Some movement patterns are not healthy no matter how much you try to make them right.
- Other diseases. Having diabetes, underactive thyroid, gout or Paget's disease of bone can increase your risk of developing osteoarthritis.
How can physiotherapy and massage therapy help osteoarthritis and arthritis?
How can exercise and physical development help after osteoarthritis and arthritis?
Massage TherapyThe goal of the Massage Therapist is to reduce pain and spasm in the affected muscles as well as decreasing the compression and the disc and nerve. By evaluating and determining where the tone and restrictions are, massage therapy can help release and restore soft tissues. Common muscles that are affected with back pain are erector spinae, latisimus dorsi, quadratus lumborum, piriformis, gluteals, hamtrings and quadriceps. Techniques used for back pain is dependent on the stage, if it is acute or chronic. Myofascial and gentle Swedish massage techniques are used during the acute phase and then progressing to deep tissue, Swedish massage and trigger point techniques. During either stage the focus is to release and decrease tone and spasm in the musculature of the back and legs.
Physiotherapy Exercise TrainingAs pain improves, the physiotherapist will perform a functional movement screen and evaluate the functional and biomechanical roots to your back pain. This information, along with the orthopedic examination performed on your initial visit will be analyzed, a physiotherapy diagnosis made, and treatment plan of exercises to correct any deficiencies that you may have including flexibility, endurance, posture, alignment, and core and back strengthen.
How can exercise and physical development help after back pain?
Assessment of Functional MovementWe start with a functional movement screen that looks at some of the essential movement skills for daily living and also for an activity based lifestyle. This information in addition to our previous orthopaedic assessment findings will allow us to develop a personal improvement plan just for you. This plan will have specific goals, be measurable, will call you to action, will be realistic, and will be time sensitive so that you will see progress and we will monitor and support your success from a medically based standpoint and from a sports science stand point.
Rehabilitative Exercise with a painful arthritisIt is important to regain functional range of motion, as well as to strengthen the muscles which help to support the specific joints that are arthritic. In addition to manual hands on therapy techniques, exercises to increase range of motion can be performed at home and at physiotherapy. These include flexion movements, extension, side flexion, and rotation movements and are specific to the anatomy of each joint involved. Your Physiotherapist will perform manual therapy techniques to release restrictions, and restore joint movements called arthrokinematic movements and follow up with range of motion exercises in order to maintain this new range of motion. Range of motion exercises can help to decrease pain and improve joint health by aiding blood and joint nutrition. The next important goal is to regain strength and movement mechanics. There are a exercises that progressively develop strength while at the same time progressively load the joint. Your Physiotherapist will advise which exercises are appropriate and will help progress the exercises throughout the course of the treatment plan.
Physical Development after Back PainThe final step is to establish a personal improvement health plan to continue to develop physically throughout your life. This is especially necessary after having a painful condition or injury when you have become deconditioned. All of our staff have a combination of health sciences and sports sciences training, having dual training in both kinesiology and physiotherapy and allowing us to provide a biomechanical focus. Once you have recovered from your pain, our therapists will perform a functional movement screen and analysis to identify individual muscle imbalances that are unique to your inherited structure, to your movement patterns, and to your goals and interests in living a healthy physical life. We develop a individualized program that focus on:
- Your specific imbalances and movement patterns at work, home, and those evident during the activities that you participate in.
- You structural and genetic posture and alignment characterizes and how they affect your interests to do activity etc.
- We look at the ergonomics specific to your workplace and home
How can low intensity laser therapy help osteoarthritis and arthritis?
Physiological effects of Low Intensity Laser TherapyWith LILT there is an increased production and release of:
- Endorphins which - natural analgesics
- Cortisol – a precursor of cortisone
- Growth hormone – instrumental in tissue repair
- ATP – improves and regulates cellular metabolism
- An increase in protein synthesis – collagen, DNA, fibroblasts
- A facilitated venous and lymphatic flow
- Increased angiogenesis – the elevation of oxygen saturation
- Enhanced immune response
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